Nikitskiy Botanical Garden
Modern Nikitskiy Botanical Garden was founded in 1811 by the Emperor Alexander I, and is a comprehensive research institution and a natural park. It's located in a garden near the southern coast of Crimea from Yalta, in the suburban village of Nikita over the Black Sea coast.
As conceived by the first director Steven, the garden was supposed to be a huge hotbed of useful and ornamental plants imported from Europe and America, to further disseminate them to the Crimea. In addition, he planned the development of viticulture and horticulture crafts
The botanical garden can be divided into three parks, the Upper Park, Lower Park and Seaside Park.
Upper Park was planned to stroll along and relax among exotic plants, lawns and flower beds. It is located on a fairly flat valley, where lush tree-lined avenues give way to large open lawns, under the bright-lit Crimean sun.
Lower Park, on the rocky slopes of the disposable is the oldest part of the park. It was there from the very beginning and the most valuable trees were planted there. In the lower park, there is a lot of water. There is a marble pool, waterfall and large pool, and pool with a fountain, decorated with colorful water lilies.
Seaside of the Botanical Garden is the youngest of the Nikitskiy garden. Its avenues were broken at the beginning of the XX century and are confined to the 100th anniversary of the garden. This part of the park is immediately adjacent to the sea, which makes it possible to put the most heat-loving plants, and makes her look like a shady subtropical forest.